The beauty industry is an area where there is constant contact between the master and the client, and therefore the level of responsibility that the master bears for the health of the person who trusted him is enormous!
Did you know that the modern buyer evaluates the work of the beauty industry not only by the result, aesthetics and speed of work, but also by their process and the correctness of their technology? If not, be sure to think it over! A modern client is on the alert, he knows exactly all the stages of work and for him sterilization and disinfection is not an empty phrase at all. If it seems to you that sterilization and disinfection do not deserve proper attention, radically change the course of your thoughts, because at best you will lose customers due to their demands, and at worst due to non-compliance with the canons of hygiene, which entails negative consequences. for the health of both the client and yours.
According to what GOSTs is it necessary to sterilize and disinfect instruments in a beauty salon?
Let's share legal information about cleaning and handling tools. Everything related to hygiene, sterilization and disinfection in beauty salons is governed by the sanitary rules and standards of hygiene from 25.03.1999. Sterilization is carried out according to the instructions approved by the Ministry of Health of Ukraine. However, we note that all aspects of a beauty salon are governed by separate legal norms within the framework of hygiene rules. In accordance with sanitary and hygienic protocols, instruments must go through three stages of cleaning: disinfection, mechanical cleaning, sterilization.
No. 1. Antiseptic hand treatment
Appointment of hygienic hand antiseptics: destruction / suppression of temporary microflora.
Temporary microflora - all types of microorganisms caught on the hands, depending on the disease.
Process description: do not wash your hands; rub the antiseptic into the palms of the hands, fingers, interdigital spaces, the skin of the back of the hand, the bed of the nails. If there is a danger of infection with the hepatitis B virus or mycobacterium tuberculosis, hygienic hand antiseptics are performed twice in a row.
Craftsmen are advised to use disposable gloves to protect the skin of the hands. In case of damage to the skin of the master or customer, such protection is required!
No. 2. Disinfection
At the end of the process, not only the tools used, but all the tools on the desktop must go through several sequential processing steps.
First of all, you need to prepare a disinfectant solution. For accurate measurement, use a pipette to determine the required amount of concentrate. First, water is poured into the container, then the concentrate is added.
Then the instruments are immersed in a ready-made disinfectant solution, either opened or completely disassembled. Please note that the higher the concentration percentage of the solution, the shorter the exposure time.
Rotating instruments should be disinfected separately from hand instruments in a special container with an internal perforated insert (sieve). The prepared solution is poured in an amount that ensures complete immersion of the instrument.
Important! Use only approved agents for disinfecting instruments. Please note that these products must contain anti-corrosion additives.
Number 3. Sterilization
Preparation of the instrument for the sterilization stage. Sterilization takes place under the influence of high temperatures. Open instruments are neatly placed on the rack of a thermostatic sterilizer. Instruments can only be processed completely dry. Do not remove instruments or allow them to cool in the sterilizer. Remove instruments from the sterilizer using tweezers.
In sterilizers with balls (glasperlen), the balls must be changed once a year, and every three years the heating element must be replaced or a new one must be bought if it is used intensively. However, it should be noted that this sterilization method provides a “questionable” instrument cleanliness, since the instrument handles are not sterilized. In addition, this form of sterilization has a negative effect on the instrument - it becomes very dull. All surfaces of the instrument must be completely covered with disinfectant.
No. 4. Tool storage
The instruments must be stored in a UV sterilizer with germicidal lamps.